Background: In patients with myocardial infarction, β-adrenergic blockers reduce recurrent myocardial infarction and total mortality rates. However, whether a direct influence of β-blockers on coronary atherosclerosis contributes to reduced recurrent myocardial infarction and total mortality rates is not known. Objective: To assess whether β-blocker therapy is associated with reduced atheroma progression in adults with known coronary artery disease. Design: Post hoc, pooled analysis of individual patient data from 4 intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) trials. Setting: Four IVUS trials conducted in the United States, Europe, and Australia. Patients: 1515 patients with coronary artery disease. Intervention: The original trials used 3 different statins, a calcium-channel blocker, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, or an acyl coenzyme A-cholesterol acyltransferase inhibitor. Measurements: Changes in atheroma volume, as determined by IVUS after adjustment for possible confounders by using linear mixed-effects models, were compared in patients who did and did not receive concomitant β-blocker treatment. Results: Patients who received β-blockers (n = 1154) were more likely to have histories of myocardial infarction, angina, and hypertension than were patients who did not receive β-blockers (n = 361). The estimated annual change in atheroma volume was statistically significantly less in patients who received β-blockers. This was true for univariate and multivariable analyses that controlled for history of myocardial infarction, angina, and hypertension (mean [±SE] atheroma volume, -2.4 ± 0.5 mm 3/y in treated patients vs. -0.4 ± 0.8 mm3/y in untreated patients; P = 0.034). Accordingly, atheroma volume statistically significantly decreased at follow-up IVUS in patients who received β-blockers (P < 0.001) and did not change in patients who did not receive β-blockers (P = 0.86). Additional adjustments for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, concomitant medications, and clinical trial did not change the results. Limitations: Patients were not randomly assigned to β-blocker therapy, and interventions other than β-blocker therapy could have influenced the changes in atheroma volume. Whether progression rate of atherosclerosis as detected by IVUS predicts cardiovascular outcomes is unknown. Conclusions: The analysis demonstrates that β-blockers can slow progression of coronary atherosclerosis. The findings provide additional support for the current clinical guidelines advocating long-term use of β-blockers to treat most forms of coronary artery disease.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Annals of Internal Medicine|
|Publication status||Published or Issued - 3 Jul 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine